Leaders of the Group of 20 (G20) major economies have issued a declaration condemning “in the strongest terms” Russia’s aggression against Ukraine.
The declaration, approved on Wednesday at a two-day summit in Indonesia, said the majority of members strongly condemned the war in Ukraine but there were other views.
International law must be upheld, the communique said, adding that the threat of the use of nuclear weapons was inadmissible. It welcomed the Black Sea grain initiative as the war has prevented much-needed grain heading to world markets.
“Many members… expressed concern about the damage caused by the conflict on critical health infrastructure, as well as casualties in health care workers, which have disproportionately affected the most vulnerable, women and children,” said the communique.
The war on Ukraine was hurting the global economy, it said. The declaration also said members’ central banks would continue to calibrate the pace of monetary policy tightening.
“This year, we have also witnessed the war in Ukraine further adversely impact the global economy. There was a discussion on the issue. We reiterated our national positions as expressed in other fora, including the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly, which, in Resolution No. ES-11/1 dated 2 March 2022, as adopted by majority vote (141 votes for, 5 against, 35 abstentions, 12 absent) deplores in the strongest terms the aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine and demands its complete and unconditional withdrawal from the territory of Ukraine,” read the draft declaration.
“We have experienced the devastation brought by the Covid-19 pandemic, and other challenges including climate change, which has caused economic downturn, increased poverty, slowed global recovery, and hindered the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals,” read the draft declaration.
The declaration highlighted the fact that it was essential to uphold international law and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability. “This includes defending all the Purposes and Principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and adhering to international humanitarian law, including the protection of civilians and infrastructure in armed conflicts. The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, efforts to address crises, as well as diplomacy and dialogue, are vital. Today’s era must not be of war,” it said.