NEW DELHI: Comorbid Women were relatively at a higher risk of mortality as compared to males having the same comorbid conditions, finds a study at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
A total of 2586 COVID patients, who were admitted to the hospital from April 8, 2020, to October 4, 2020 (first Phase), were studied to observe the association between Diabetes (DM), hypertension (HT) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the prognosis and mortality of COVID19 infection in hospitalised patients.
The study conducted on the 18-59 years age group and 60+ age group observed that along with females, younger patients were at higher risk of mortality although females with comorbidities were at higher risk of mortality compared to males.
The vital stats of the study showed that among 2586 patients, 779 needed ICU admission whereas 1807 were not admitted to ICU. Out of 2586, 317 died whereas 2269 patients recovered.
According to Dr DS Rana, co-author and chairperson, Department of Renal Sciences, “On comparing the impact of multiple comorbidities with the severity of COVID-19 infection, it was found that presence of comorbidity poses a greater risk of ICU admission. As the number of comorbidities increases, the risk of severity of COVID-19 infection also increases significantly.”
According to Dr Atul Gogia, co-author and senior consultant, Department of Medicine, “In our study, patients with Chronic Kidney Disease were found to be more prone to disease progression, complications and mortality followed by Hypertension and Diabetes.”
Dr Chandar Mohan Batra, senior consultant endocrinologist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, said, “This is a good, well-conducted study that shows that COVID 19 infection associated with comorbidities of chronic kidney disorders, hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus results in longer duration of COVID19 infection, seriously sick patients requiring ICU admission and greater mortality. Patients with these comorbidities require more intensive care and hospitalisation.”
However, Dr Anup Kumar, head of the department, professor, urology and kidney transplant, Safdarjung Hospital, said, “The present condition of cases and even maximum people who suffered during the third wave has a comorbid condition. In the second wave when Delta came, we have seen that young patients are getting affected along with the old ones.”
“Young and adults both suffer from comorbid conditions such as kidney failure, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, lung disease,” added Dr Kumar.
At present, India is going through a sporadic rise in COVID cases where the graph of fresh infections is escalating along with the weekly positivity rate.